Author Guidelines

The Author Guidelines of “FENOMENA"  

1. How to Write the Title, the Name, and the Author’s Address

The title of the manuscript should be written on the top of the first page with the center text alignment. Meanwhile, the author’s name (without academic degree), and the affiliation address of the author, should be written with the center text alignment also under the title of the article. The author should give two line spaces between the title and the author’s name. Then, the space between the author’s affiliation address and the abstract title is one space. The keywords must be written below the overall abstract for all words. Those should be arranged in alphabetical order and be separated by semicolons maximally three to five words. Moreover, the title of the article that is written in Indonesian should be also stated in English either (look at the example above).

The responsible author, the correspondence author, or the corresponding author must be written first and then followed by the second, the third, and so on. The communication regarding the article revision and the final statement will be informed via email to the correspondence author only. If there is more than one author, the authors' names should be written down separately by a comma (,). If the author’s name consists of at least two words, the first name should not be shorted. If the author’s names are only one word, it should be written as it is. However, in the online version, it will be written in two words with the same name repeatedly for the purpose of metadata indexing (Camdali and Tunc, 2006; Friedman, 2008). For each data retrieval or quoting from other references, the author must write the reference source. References or citations are written in the description/text by the author's name and the year (Irwan& Salim, 1998). If the author of more than two, then just write the name of the first author followed by “et al.” (Bezuidenhout et al., 2009; Roeva, 2012). All references in the text must be listed in the References section, and vice versa, all that is written in the References should be cited in the text (Wang et al., 2011).

2. The Manuscript General Guidelines

The manuscript text's general guidelines are as follows:

  1. The manuscript is an authentic research result that has not been published yet in other publication media or publishing houses.
  2. The manuscript does not contain any plagiarism element. The editorial board will directly reject the text that indicates plagiarism.
  3. The submission and the publication processes are free, without any additional fees.
  4. The manuscript that has been written under the guidelines of FENOMENA (in MS Word format, use this article template) must be submitted through Online Submission System using Open Journal System (OJS) on the FENOMENA e-journal portal ( choose only one procedure. Then, register as one of the authors or reviewers at the “Register” bottom.
  5. The manuscript article writing guidelines and template can be downloaded. The template and the guidelines for the article writing are available in MS Word (*.doc/*.docx) format.
  6. The manuscript online submission can be viewed in the part of the online submission guidelines below.
  7. The manuscript which is inappropriate with FENOMENA writing guidelines will be returned to the author before the reviewing process.
  8. The manuscript should contain several aspects of a scientific article as follows: (subtitles in order), which are: (a) the title of the article, (b) the author’s name (no academic title), (c) the affiliated author’s address, (d) the author’s email (e) the abstract and the keywords, (f) the introduction, (g) the research method (h), the research findings and discussion (i), the conclusion (j), the references.
  9. The subtitles included in the discussion part (Introduction, Methods, Result, Discussion, and Conclusion) should be numbered in the Arabic numbering order starting from one. The subtitles are written in bold and title case format. It uses the left text alignment without underlining. The next expanded subtitles should be written in the bold and sentence case format, It should use the left text alignment and the numbering format level two.
  10. The manuscript is written in English as the standard language. The manuscript should consist of fifteen (15) to twenty-five (25) pages including pictures and tables. The article is written on B5-sized papers (176x250 mm)., with custom margins, as follows: left 40 mm, right 30 mm, bottom 30 mm, and top 40 mm.
  11. The text of the articles must be in Times New Roman font, 12pt font size, 1 line-spacing, not separated into two columns but one column (including the main title, the author’s name, and the abstract) with the space between columns 10 mm.
  12. The words from uncommon or foreign languages are stated in Italic format. Each paragraph started 11 mm from the left side border while there are no spaces among paragraphs. All numbers are written in Arabic numbering format, except for the new sentence.
  13. The tables and pictures are placed in the text group after the referenced tables or pictures. Each picture must be given a caption (Figure Caption) below the picture and be numbered in Arabic numbering format followed by the picture title. Each table must be given a table title (Table Caption) and numbered in Arabic numbering format above the table followed by the table title. The pictures attachment should be guaranteed that they can be printed well (font size, resolution, and line space are clearly seen). The picture, the table, and the chart should be placed in the center between text groups. If it has a bigger size, it can be placed in the center of the page. The table should not contain vertical lines, while horizontal lines are allowed only for the important point.

3. The Guidelines for the Manuscript Body Text

Here are the sections in the writing structure using the IMRAD Journal article method:

The title of the manuscript: 
The title should be informative and be written both briefly and clearly. It cannot diverse multi interpretations. It has to be pinpointed with the issues that will be discussed. The beginning word is written in the capital case and symmetrically. The article title does not contain any uncommon abbreviation. The main ideas should be written first and followed then by their explanations. The article title should be written within fifteen words, in 14pt-sized font, with the bold selection, and in the center text format.

Abstracts are written in English and Indonesian, consisting of 150-200 words which provide an overview of the work. The abstract must contain the following: (1) Background: place the questions discussed in a broad context and express the research objectives, (2) Method: briefly describe the research method, (3) Results: summarize the main findings of the article and (4) Conclusion: show the main conclusion or interpretation.

The core part of the introduction is the background of the research, the uniqueness of the study, the literature review, and the research's authenticity (research gap).

This section will be explained in detail the research methods to be used. They include the research subject, variables, and data processing techniques and explain the instruments used in research activities. In this section, the author needs to convey how the process of analysis or data analysis techniques are used. The Data here, of course, is intended to refer to the data of the research results, which the author then analyzes.

In this section, the authors will describe the research results according to the data obtained in the field. The research results can be presented with a more straightforward method by using or adding tables, graphs, or images. The delivery of the research results, in general, begins with a narrative first, then the author will describe the research results in the form of tables and graphs.

In this section, the author will tend to convey his arguments so that the study results are by the hypothesis. The discussion results are certainly adjusted to the effects of fundamental research in the field.
Results and discussion at least contain: (1) (What/How) whether the data presented has been processed (not raw data), poured in the form of tables or pictures (choose one), and given an easy-to-understand description. What are the findings? (2) (Why) in the discussion section, there is a link between the results obtained and the basic concepts and hypotheses. The scientific aspect here. (3) (What else) Is there conformity or conflict with the results of other people's research; (4) it is also recommended to write about the implications of research results, both theoretical and applied?

Conclusions must answer the purpose of the research or hypothesis. Conclusions should describe innovations or improvements from existing science. Write The Conclusion briefly and clearly. It usually contains one paragraph of conclusion and one paragraph of implication or practical application (if any). Do not repeat the abstract or do not simply list the results of the experiment. Do not use Bullet / Numbering..

References have a minimum of 20 books of reference, consisting of 1) the relevant ref-erences or closely related to the problems that we write, 2) reference the current published within 10 years, 3) reference written correctly according to scientific principles as well as the citation style that adapted.
Add references from scientific journal articles from domestic and foreign journals. Don't give too much self-Citation to your own paper. Don't write a lot of references, but you don't have to. Avoid too many references from your own area. It is better to cite several articles from scientific journals intended for submission.
Article reference writing using Chicago Manual of Style 17th Edition (complete note). If you do not have the Chicago Manual of Style 17th Edition (complete note), you must use the management reference (Mendeley or Zotero).

4. The Guidelines for the Citations and References

The author may cite several articles from FENOMENA. All the served data or quotes in the article taken from the other author's articles should attach to the reference sources. The references should use a reference application management such as Mendeley or Zotero. The writing format that is used in FENOMENA follows the format applied by  Chicago Manual Citation Style: 17th Ed.

5. The Guidelines for the Literature Reviews

The literature reviews should use a reference application management such as Mendeley or Zotero. The writing format that used in FENOMENA follows the format applied by Chicago Manual Citation Style.

6. The Online Submission Manuscript Guidelines

The manuscript text must be submitted by one of two systems (the second procedure is preferable):

  1. The document should be submitted by Online Submission System in the FENOMENA e-journal portal.
  2. Firstly, the author should register as either an author or reviewer (checking role as author or reviewer) in the “Register”.
  3. After the registration step is completed, log in as an author, and click on “New Submission”. The article submission stage consists of five stages, such as:  (1). Start, (2). Upload Submission, (3). Enter Metadata, (4). Upload Supplementary Files, (5). Confirmation.
  4. In the “Start” column, chose Journal Section (Full Article), and check all the checklists.
  5. In the “Upload Submission” Columns, upload the manuscript files in MS Word format in this column.
  6. In the “Enter Metadata” columns, fill in all the author data and affiliation. Including the Journal Title, Abstract, and Indexing Keywords.
  7. In the “Upload Supplementary Files” columns, the author is allowed to upload supplementary files, the statement letter, or any other else.
  8. In the “Confirmation” columns, if the data you entered are all correct already, then click “Finish Submission”.

If the author has difficulties in the submission process through the online system, please contact FENOMENA editorial team at WA: 085649117381 or email: or


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